Ha Tinh Province, Central Vietnam
Region: North Central Coast
Capital: Hà Tinh
Area: 6,055.6 km² (2,338.1 sq mi)
Population: About 1.3 million
Density: 210/km² (550/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Thai, Chut, Muong
Calling code: 39
Hà Tinh is a province on the north central coast of Vietnam. Together with neighbouring Nghe An Province the two provinces are together called “Nghe Tinh,” and known for a heavy dialect.
Ha Tinh Province is located in the northern part of central Vietnam, about 340 km south of Hanoi, facing Nghe An Province to the north, Quang Bình Province to the south, Laos to the west, and the Eastern Sea to the east.
The province consists of a provincial capital and a town (Hong Linh) and 10 districts.
– Cam Xuyên
– Can Loc
– Đuc Tho
– Huong Khê
– Huong Son
– Kỳ Anh
– Loc Hà (newly-established district on 7/2/2007 that combined parts of Can Loc and Thach Hà)
– Nghi Xuân
– Thach Hà
– Vu Quang
Hà Tinh has many touristic locations of historical and cultural interest. It is home to national figures such as Mai Hac Đe, Nguyen Du, Nguyen Công Tru, Phan Đình Phùng, Tran Phú, Hà Huy Tap, Ngô Đuc Ke, Xuan Tuu, Xuân Dieu, Huy Can, Hoàng Xuân Han, Nguyen Khac Vien, Nguyen Khac Niêm, Lê Khánh Đong, Lê Khánh Căn, and Lê Văn Thiêm. Notable scenic areas include Vu Môn Falls, Vu Quang Garden, Ke Go Lake, Son Kim hot springs, Đèo Ngang pass, Huong Tích Pagoda, Hòn Boc, Hòn Lám, and beautiful beaches at Thiên Cam, Ðèo Con, Xuân Thành, Chân Tiên, Nga ba Dong Loc, Khe Dao. Most of these are along the routes 1A and 8.
Hà Tinh has 130 km of Highway 1A stretching from Ben Thuy Bridge (Vinh City) to Deo Ngang Pass linking Hà Tinh and Quang Bình. Ho Chi Minh Route is the second most important of the province. Besides, Ha Tinh enjoys Road 8 which runs from Hong Linh town to Laos and Viet-Lao highway from Vung Ang Harbour (Ky Anh dist.) to Laos. In 2007, a railway link to Laos was proposed from Hà Tinh province.
Hà Tinh is among the poorest provinces of Vietnam with a GDP in 2008 of $420 per person. The poverty can be attributed to the harsh natural conditions with severe coldness in winter and extreme heat in summer, floods and storms every fall and unfavorable soil and natural resources. A badly-operated district and provincial government is also a hurdle to prosperity. Agriculture, forestry and fishery takes up 35.5 percent of total GDP and the province’s GDP accounts for 0.7 percent of Vietnam’s GDP. Hà Tinh takes slow steps in economic reforms though better signs in recent time are incentive. Vung Ang harbour with some plants, factories and thermopower plant is becoming the most economic hub. Vietnam Steel operates an iron mine Thach Khe District. An $8 billion iron and steel plant is being built in Vung Ang.
In Sino-Vietnamese characters, Ha Tinh means “quiet river”. Beginning in 1930 Hà Tinh, along with Nghe An and Quang Ngai, was one of the early grounds for the Vietnamese rural Soviet movement and protests.
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