Gia Lai Province, Central Highlands
Region: Central Highlands
Area: 15,494.9 km² (5,982.6 sq mi)
Population: About 1.3 million
Density: 82/km² (210/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Gia Rai, Ba Na, Xo Đăng, Gie Triêng
Calling code: 59
Website: http://www.ubgialai.gov.vn & http://www.gialai.gov.vn
Gia Lai is a province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
Gia Lai Province has one city (Pleiku), two towns (An Khê and Ayun Pa), and 13 districts:
– Chu Păh
– Chu Prông
– Chu Sê
– Chu Puh
– Đak Đoa
– Đak Po
– Đuc Co
– Ia Grai
– Ia Pa
– Kông Chro
– Krông Pa
– Mang Yang
– Phú Thien
Gia Lai is located in the Central Highlands. It shares the border with Kon Tum Province on the north, Dak Lak Province on the south, Cambodia on the west, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen provinces on the east.
Gia Lai is the source of Ba and Se San rivers with Yaly hydroelectricity plant. It owns many springs, lakes, waterfalls, rivers, and primary forest.
There are two seasons: the rainy season lasts from May to November and the dry season lasts from December to April. The annual average temperature varies between 21 and 25oC. The west of Truong Son Ranges has annual average rainfall is 2,200- 2,500mm. The east of Truong Son Ranges has annual average rainfall is 1,200- 1,750mm.
Coming to Gia Lai, visitors have a change to discover many impressive, poetic scenes. They are Kon Ka Kinh, Kon Cha Rang tropical forests, Xung Khoeng Waterfall, Phu Cuong Waterfall, Da Trang, Mo springs and Ayaun Ha Lake. Located on the top of an extinct volcano, Bien Ho (To Nung Lake) is called the ‘Pearl of Pleiku’. Its water is so clear that visitors can see fish swimming under blue water.
The province is also proud of funeral houses, La Phum, D’ko Tu traditional villages with special Rong house. Whenever going to this windy and sunny land, visitors are likely to see the unique architectural style of the statues in funeral houses, and to investigate the local customs and practice mysterious to them. Apart of that, tens of thousands of visitors are attracted to Dong Xanh Cultural Park in which many typical varieties of flowers and trees of Central Highlands are planted.
Gia Lai has historic sites such as King Quang Trung’s guerilla base, Nup hero’s homeland, Pleiku Prison, Pleime, Cheo Leo, and La Rang battlefields.
Many ethnic groups live together. Kinh makes up 52% of the population, Gia Rai (33.5%), Ba Na (13.7%), then Gie Trieng, Xo Dang, Co Ho, Nhang, Thai, Muong etc.
Gia Lai has long history and old ethnic culture, mainly Gia Lai and Ba Na ethnics. This uniquely character stamps of rong house, house on stills, tomb-house statue architectural styles, traditional festivals, customs and musical instruments. In attractive events like Po Thi (leaving-the-tomb) ceremony, buffalo stabbing festival, xoang dance the ethnic groups show their customs with colorful, mystical pattern, perform many traditional dances and uniquely musical instruments (horn, gong lu, gongs).
Pleiku is 186km from Quy Nhon, 197km from Buon Ma Thuot, and 550km from Ho Chi Minh City.
Vietnam Airlines has daily from Hanoi, Danang and Ho Chi Minh City to Pleiku Airport. Pleiku Airport is 25km from Pleiku City centre, 45km from Kon Tum.
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