Ca Mau Province, Southern Vietnam
Region: Mekong Delta
Capital: Ca Mau
Area: About 5.400 km² (2,070 sq mi)
Population: About 1.3 million
Density: 230/km² (600/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Khmer, Hoa, Tày
Calling code: 780
Cà Mau is a province of Vietnam, named after its capital city. It is in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam and is the southernmost of Vietnam’s 58 provinces. It is bordered on the north by the Kiên Giang and Bac Liêu provinces, on the west by the Gulf of Thailand, and on the south and east by the East Sea. Its name came from the Khmers who inhabited the area before the arrival of the Vietnamese, Cà Mau means “black” in Khmer.
Being surrounded by sea on three sides, fishing is an important industry in Cà Mau province. An extensive network of canals also supports a strong agricultural sector, as well as providing a popular means of transport. The U Minh biosphere Reserve and Mui Cà Mau, the southernmost point of Vietnam, serve also as important tourism destinations. The Mui Cà Mau National Park is further down at Cà Mau Cape.
Its name came from the Khmers who inhabited the area before the arrival of the Vietnamese, Cà Mau means “black” in Khmer. The Khmer name for this province is Teuk Khmao, meaning “black water”.
Politically, Cà Mau has eight districts:
– Cái Nuoc
– Đam Doi
– Nam Can
– Ngoc Hien
– Phú Tân
– Thoi Bình
– Tran Van Thoi
– U Minh
The provincial capital, also named Cà Mau, is a separate municipality.
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