Bac Lieu Province, Southern Vietnam
Capital: Bac Lieu
Area: 2,525.7 km2 (975.2 sq mi)
Population: About 800,000
Density: 310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Khmer, Hoa, Cham
Calling code: 781
Bac Lieu Province is a province of Vietnam. It is a coastal province, and is in the Mekong Delta region of the southern part of the country.
Formerly a territory of Cambodia, the name Bac Lieu derives from the Khmer language. The Khmer name for this province is Pol Leav.
The province has six districts:
– Ðông Hai
– Giá Rai
– Hòa Binh
– Hong Dân
– Phuoc Long
– Vinh Loi
The provincial capital – Bac Lieu – is a separate municipality.
Bac Lieu is generally in the Mekong Delta, although it is slightly to the south of the Mekong’s main outflows. Bac Lieu is around 100 km south of Can Tho, the largest city in the Mekong Delta.
The most important parts of Bac Lieu’s economy are rice farming, fishing, food processing, and clothing manufacturing.
After the Fall of Saigon, 30 April 1975, Bac Lieu Province and Cà Mau Province merged into one new entity called Minh Hai Province. Although it is located in Vietnam, many years ago this land was a part of the Khmer Empire which ruled most of Indochina many centuries ago. It is still home to many ethnic Khmer people. In 1996, Minh Hai Province was split into two, with the northeast becoming Bac Lieu Province and the southwest becoming Ca Mau Province.
Vong co, an important song in the traditional music of southern Vietnam, was composed in Bac Lieu around 1918 or 1919.
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