The National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam is the full name for Viet Cong (VC). This front was the primary rebel organization fighting the US-backed Republic of Vietnam during the Vietnam War.

The NLF claimed that it was a national front of all elements against the existing government. In fact, members could either be communist or not. Its military organization was known as the People’s Liberation Armed Forces (PLA). U.S. soldiers came to refer to the NLF as “Viet Cong” or (VC). This name comes from the Vietnamese term for Vietnamese Communist.

American forces typically referred to members of the NLF as “Charlie”. This name comes from the US Armed Forces’ phonetic alphabet’s pronunciation of VC – Victor Charlie.

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