This page provides some details about Xinh Mun people. They are one of the 54 groups of people in Vietnam.

Name Of Ethnic Group

Xinh Mun (also known as Puoc, and Pua)

Xinh Mun People Population

29,503 people (2019 Census)


Son La and Lai Chau provinces and along the Vietnamese-Lao border regions.

Customs & Habits

Xinh Mun houses are built on stilts, have vaulted roofs shaped like tortoiseshell and stairways at both ends of the house. The children take the family name of the father. After the death of the father, the eldest brother is elevated to an important position.

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According to marriage customs, the family of the groom must give money to the bride’s family. After the proposal, engagement, and wedding, the husband goes and lives with his wife’s family. A few years later, when the couple has a few children, the wife then moves and lives in her husband’s house. The couple must change their name and take another name given by the mother-in-law’s younger brother. It is the habit of the Xinh Mun to chew betel nut, dye their teeth black, and drink alcohol.

During the production of rice, people hold many ceremonies and maintain many taboos. The villagers annually organize a ceremony to honour the spirit of the village.


The Xinh Mun language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.


They wear garments that resemble the Thai and Lao.


The Xinh Mun grow glutinous rice and corn on burned land and terraced fields. They also gather, rear animals, hunt, make basketry articles, and have developed a system of bartering goods.

For more information about 53 more ethnic groups of people in Vietnam, please follow this link

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