This page provides some details about Tho people. They are one of the 54 groups of people in Vietnam.

Name Of Ethnic Group

Tho (also known as Keo, Mon, Cuoi, Ho, Tay Poong, Dan Lai, and Ly Ha)

Tho People Population

91,430 people (2019 Census)


The Tho live mainly in the western parts of Nghe An Province.

Customs & Habits

Formerly, the Tho lived in houses built on stilts. Now they prefer houses built on the ground. Close relationships and a desire to help each other have existed for a very long time in Tho society. Young Tho boys and girls have enjoyed considerable freedom through a custom known as “Ngu Mai”. They are allowed to live together and have heart-to-heart talks with each other. In the course of these nocturnal parties, each boy and girl will eventually find their sweetheart. As for marriage, a boy’s family must spend a lot of money in preparation for the celebration of the wedding. Therefore, a boy must work many days for his future in-laws.

Offroad Vietnam Motorbike Tours - 54 Groups: Tho People Of Vietnam. Tho people, Keo, Mon, Cuoi, Ho, Tay Poong, Dan Lai, and Ly Ha minority, Tho ethnie, montagnard

The Tho worship innumerable genies and spirits. They also have great respect for pioneers who have made contributions to the clearing of the land and the building of the village, and for the numerous war heroes. All families also worship their ancestors. Each year, the most important ceremony called “Going to the Field” is held.


The Tho language belongs to the Viet-Muong Group.


Tho attire resembles the farmers’ dress of the Kinh in the early half of the 20th century. Tho women buy skirts from the Thai and wear a square white cloth around their heads which serves as a female headdress. The morning ribbon is a long white piece of cloth.


The Tho cultivate rice and hemp. With rice cultivation, they often use ploughs and harrows to till the soil. Hemp is grown primarily for producing items for daily use. The forest provides various kinds of vegetables for Tho daily life.

For more information about 53 more ethnic groups of people in Vietnam, please follow this link

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