This page provides some details about the Lao people. They are one of the 54 groups of people in Vietnam.

Name Of Ethnic Group

Lao (also known as Lao Boc and Lao Noi)

Lao People Population

17,532 people (2019 Census)


Concentrated in Dien Bien City (Dien Bien Province); Phong Tho and Than Uyen districts (Lai Chau Province); Song Ma District (Son La Province).

Customs & Habits

The Lao worship their ancestors and practice Buddhism. The Lao often take the family names of Lo, Luong, or Vi. Children take the family name of their father. When a person dies, they organize a funeral ceremony and burial is careful. Cremation occurs only if the deceased is the chief of a “muong” or a “ban” (village).

Offroad Vietnam Motorbike Tours - 54 Groups: Lao People Of Vietnam. Lao people, Lao Boc and Lao Noi minority, Laos ethnie, montagnard


The Lao language belongs to the Tay-Thai Group. The “mo lam” (sorcerers) of Lao culture is very good at writing and narrating ancient tales and folk songs. Lao folklore and its legacy are heavily influenced by Thai culture. Lao performs “lam vong” (Lao folk dance) during festivals and ceremonies.


Women wear black skirts that are knotted at the front and come up to their chests. The hems are usually decorated with two bands of embroidered motifs in different colours. Lao men used to have a Han script and an animal tattooed on their wrists and thighs.


The Lao primarily grow rice in submerged fields using advanced techniques such as ploughing, harrowing, and irrigating. Additional family income comes from weaving, blacksmithing, pottery, and silver production.

For more information about 53 more ethnic groups of people in Vietnam, please follow this link

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