This page provides some details about the Hoa people. They are one of the 54 groups of people in Vietnam.

Name Of Ethnic Group

Hoa (also called Han)

Hoa People Population

749,466 people (2019 Census)


The Hoa live in all parts of Vietnam from north to south, in both urban centres and rural regions.

Customs & Habits

They build houses usually with three rooms and live close together. The families of the same lineage always reside together. In an Hoa family, the husband is the head of the household. The right of inheritance is reserved for the sons only. The eldest son always gets the greater part of the property. Parents decide the marriage arrangement of their children, and early marriages are common. The choices of a husband or a wife are often based on the desires of the family to have equal social standing or are dictated by business considerations.

According to customs, funerals must go through several rituals. The cycle starts with informing others of the mourning process, wearing mourning clothes, wrapping the corpse, opening the road for the dead soul, burying the dead, bringing their soul to the “country of Buddha in the west”, and the last rite is the completion of the mourning process. Since respect for the dead is very important, in all villages and hamlets, there are temples, pagodas, and shrines built for the veneration of the dead.

Offroad Vietnam Motorbike Tours - 54 Groups: Hoa People Of Vietnam. Hoa people, Han minority, Hoa ethnie, montagnard


The Hoa language belongs to the Han Group.


Hoa men have adopted a dress similar to the Nung, Giay, Mong, and Dao. Hoa women’s garments consist of a pair of trousers, a five-panelled vest that falls to mid-thigh, and a short-sleeve shirt with five panels.


The Hoa practice various occupations including agriculture, handicrafts, trading, fishing, and salt-making. Hoa farmers have a long tradition of cultivating submerged fields. They also work as labourers, teachers, cadres, and other professionals.

For more information about 53 more ethnic groups of people in Vietnam, please follow this link

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