This page provides some details about the Co Lao people. They are one of the 54 groups of people in Vietnam.

Name Of Ethnic Group

Co Lao (also known as Ke Lao, Tu Du, Ho Ki, Voa De)

Co Lao People Population

4,003 people (2019 Census)


Dong Van and Hoang Su Phi districts in Ha Giang Province.

Customs & Habits

Each village has about 15 to 20 households. The Co Lao houses are on the ground, not on stilts like many other ethnic groups. In fact, they adopted a patriarchal system. During pregnancy, Co Lao women observe strict abstinence to facilitate delivery and to give healthy babies. In Dong Van District, people incinerate the placentas of newborn babies. Three days and nights after their birth, male babies are baptised by their parents.


The Co Lao language belongs to the Kadai Group. Ceremonies and festivals are on the 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, the 15th day of the 7th lunar month, and the 9th day of the 9th lunar month. The Lunar New Year Festival is the biggest festival of the year.

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Men wear trousers like many other ethnic groups around the northern borders. Women also wear trousers and a five-panel dress running below the knees. The dress buttons under the left armpit and come with bands of different colourful cloth that attaches to the chest from the middle to the right armpit along a fringed slit.


The Co Lao practice terraced farming and grow maize in mountain rock hollows. Basketry and woodwork are popular handicrafts by this group makes. The Co Lao are also famous for their bamboo mats, lattices, large winnowing baskets, panniers, tables, chairs, and horse saddles.

For more information about 53 more ethnic groups of people in Vietnam, please follow this link

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