Dong Nai Province, Southern Vietnam
Capital: Bien Hoa
Area: 5,907.2 km² (2,280.8 sq mi)
Population: About 2.7 million
Density: 450/km² (1,200/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Chinese, Xtieng, Cho Ro, Cham
Calling code: 61
Dong Nai is a province in southeastern Vietnam, located east and northeast of Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). The largest city in Dong Nai is Bien Hoa. Prior to Vietnamese colonization, the area was part of Cambodia up until 1627. The area was known as Kâmpéap Srêkatrey in Khmer.
Dong Nai has the following districts:
– Cam My
– Dinh Quan
– Long Khanh
– Long Thanh
– Nhon Trach
– Tan Phu
– Thong Nhat
– Trang Bom
– Vinh Cuu
– Xuan Loc
The city of Bien Hoa is its own municipality.
Dong Nai is in southeastern Vietnam and borders Binh Thuan, Lam Dong, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc, Ba Ria – Vung Tau, and Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Dong Nai province has a good traffic system with many backbone national roads crossing, such as National route 1A, national route 20, National Route 51, North–South railway lines. It’s close to the Saigon Port and Tan Son Nhat International Airport, therefore offers many advantages to economic activities in the area. Its location is very important for the development of the Southern economic main hub and a junction of the South Eastern and Tay Nguyen Highland.
Dong Nai Province has a system of lakes, dams and rivers, of which Tri An Lake with 323km² and over 60 rivers, rivulets and canals are very favourable for the development of a number of aquatic products: raft bred fish and shrimp. Nam Cat Tien prohibited forest became the international bio reservation zone, in the north of Dong Nai province. From the mountainous area, Dong Nai River, an inland waterway, flows southeast through Biên Hòa City, Ho Chi Minh City, and villages along its way. This river plays an important role in supplying fresh water to the whole area.
Dong Nai lies in the monsoon tropical zone between the northeast and south-west monsoon. It is also put under the influence of Pacific Ocean Tropic atmosphere between April and October. It has two distinct seasons. The rainy season lasts from March or April to November and the dry season from December to March or April of the following year. The average temperature is between 23.9 – 29.0C, much lower than the standard level of the tropical regions (26 – 30C). Its rainfall is quite high with 1,500 – 2,700mm.
On average, the weather is sunny for 4 – 9.5 hours a day and does not exceed 11.5 hours per day, even on the hottest and sunniest days. Total rainy days within a year are between 120 – 170 days (standard level of the tropical region is 150 – 160 days) with total rainfall of some 1,500 – 2,750mm. The average humidity is around 80 – 82% and humidity in the dry season is 10 – 12% lower than that of the rainy season. The humidity is in considerably differential among the areas.
Dong Nai Province’s weather with regular sunshine, rain and high humidity equally found in the localities facilitate agricultural production and development of industry and cultural and tourism activities.
Dong Nai Vietnam’s 5th populous provinces with a population of 2,665,100 in 2011. Its population has been growing rapidly in recent years, mainly driven by migrant workers coming to the province to work in factories. Population growth was 1.95% in 2005, between 2.5% from 2008 to 2010 and 3.5% in 2011. Net migration contributed 2.2% to this figure. Dong Nai is second only to Binh Duong province in both population growth and net migration.
The population of Dong Nai is primarily the dominant Kinh (Viet) ethnicity, although there are residents of the Chinese, Nung, Tay, and Cham minorities.
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