Binh Duong Province, Southern Vietnam
Capital: Thu Dau Mot
Area: 2,694.4 km² (1,040.3 sq mi)
Population: About 1.7 million
Density: 630/km² (1,600/sq mi)
Demographics: Vietnamese, Khmer, Tày, Hoa, Xtiêng
Calling code: 650
Binh Duong is a province of Vietnam. It is in the southeastern part of the country, north of Ho Chi Minh City. The province broke from Song Be Province on January 1, 1997.
Binh Duong Province has a relatively level terrain and is crossed by the Saigon, Dong Nai, and Bé rivers.
The area is considered to be good cropland, and agriculture is an important industry in the province. Binh Duong is also home to a significant manufacturing industry, and in the first half of 2004, the province had the second highest levels of foreign investment in Vietnam. Nike, Adidas, H&M and McDonald’s have set up factories to manufacture goods they sell locally and abroad in the province. The southern Di An and Thuan An wards are highly urbanised and are now encompassed within the Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area.
Binh Duong has six districts:
– Ben Cát
– Dau Tieng
– Di An
– Phú Giáo
– Tân Uyên
– Thuan An
The provincial capital, Thu Dau Mot, is a separate municipality.
Originally, the area now known as Binh Duong was heavily forested and was dominated by peoples of the Xtiêng, Cho Ro, Mnong, and Khmer Krom ethnic groups. In the 17th century, however, ethnic Vietnamese settlers arrived in the region from the east. Most were peasants, seeking to escape poverty by gaining land of their own. There were also a number of refugees from a war between two feudal houses. In 1698, there were enough people in the area that a prominent Vietnamese general was sent to establish official institutions and enforce the law. From that point, Binh Duong developed rapidly, with the extensive clearance of forests to make room for crops. The province has mainly Vietnamese.
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