Bac Ninh province, Northern Vietnam
Capital: Bac Ninh
Area: 823.1 km² (317.8 sq mi)
Population: About 1.1 million
Density: 1,244/km² (3,220/sq mi)
Calling code: 241
Bac Ninh is a province of Vietnam, in the Red River Delta of the northern part of the country. It is to the east of the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, and borders Bac Giang Province, Hung Yen Province, Hai Duong Province, Vinh Phuc Province, and Hanoi. The province’s name derives from Sino-Vietnamese which means “northern serenity”.
The province is rich in culture and is famous mainly for Quan Ho folk music. Quan Ho is recognised as the Intangible Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO in 2009.
Historically, Bac Ninh province and the neighbouring Bac Giang Province were united as Ha Bac Province. However, the population growth resulted in Ha Bac being split into two new provinces, each based around one of the old province’s two major settlements. The new Bac Ninh Province was formed around the municipality of Bac Ninh, while the modern Bac Giang Province encompasses Bac Giang Municipality and most of the old Ha Bac Province’s rural districts.
Bac Ninh has a rather even and flat terrain, mainly sloping from north to south and west to east, causing currents to flow down into Duong River and Thai Binh River. The terrain odds is not much; field areas are 3-7m high and hill and mountain areas are 300-400m high above sea level. Its hills and mountains only make up 0, 53% of its natural area mainly in 2 districts of Que Vo and Tien Du. Besides, there are shallow depressions along dykes under districts of Gia Binh, Luong Tai, Que Vo, and Yen Phong.
The province’s total natural land area is 822.7 km², in which agricultural land, forestry land, specialized and residential land and unused land accounts for 54%, 0.7%, 31% and 14.3% respectively. The province’s mineral reserve is limited: mainly construction materials such as clay in Que Vo and Tien Du, sandstone in Thi Cau, Vu Ninh, Bac Ninh town and peat in Yen Phong.
Bac Ninh is actually in a tropical monsoon region. The annual average temperature is 24°C. The highest one is 30°C in July; the lowest one is 15°C in January. The annual average rainfall is 1,400mm – 1,600mm. The rainy season lasts from May to October and the dry season lasts from December to April next year, average annual sunshine is 1,530-1,776 hours, relative humidity is 79%.
– Bac Ninh City
– Tu Son City
– Thuan Thanh District
– Que Vo District
– Tien Du District District
– Yen Phong District District
– Gia Binh District District
– Luong Tai District
In terms of land area, Bac Ninh is the smallest of all Vietnamese provinces (and in fact, is smaller than any of the five province-level municipalities). It is, however, home to a relatively large number of people for its size, having the highest population density of any province. On average, there are over 1,200 people for every square kilometre of land in Bac Ninh.
According to the census of 1 April 2009, the population was 1.024.472 with a density of 1,262 people/km², 5 times the national average. There are 27 ethnic groups in the province, of these ethnic Vietnamese accounts for 99,67%.
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