An Giang Province, Southern Vietnam
Capital: Long Xuyên
Area: 3,406.2 km2 (1,315.1 sq mi)
Population: About 2.2 million
Density: 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demographics: Ethnicities Vietnamese, Khmer, Cham, Hoa
Calling code: 76
An Giang is a province of Vietnam. It is in the Mekong Delta, in the southwestern part of the country, sharing a border with Cambodia to the northwest.
An Giang first became a province in 1832, having been settled by ethnically Vietnamese migrants moving southwards in search of new land. In fact, An Giang was once an important centre of the vanished Oc Eo culture, presumably owing to its position on the river. Traditionally, An Giang has been known for its silk industry.
An Giang is home to a sizable number of people from Vietnam’s ethnic minorities. Due to the province’s proximity to Cambodia, the Khmer Krom are the largest non-Vietnamese group. Other groups, such as the Cham and ethnic Chinese (Hoa), are also found in An Giang.
The Ba Chuc massacre of April 1978, in that border province with Cambodia. On the day the Khmer Rouge began its series of border raids, April 15, 1978, Ba Chuc was a quiet little village of about 3,500 people. For two weeks, ending April 30, 1978, the Khmer Rouge tore through Ba Chuc slicing to bits anything that breathed, literally ripping apart young children limb from limb and hacking the adults to pieces with machetes. When the raids ceased the population of Ba Chuc reduced to half.
An Giang occupies a position in the upper reaches of the Mekong Delta. The Hau Giang and Tien Giang branches of the Mekong River are the dominant geographical features of the province. With the exception of the west, most of An Giang is fairly flat, and is criss-crossed by many canals and small rivers. This terrain has led to An Giang being a significant agricultural centre, producing significant quantities of rice. The Cam Mountains, also known as the That Son range or the “Seven Mountains”, are located in the western Tinh Bien District. Followers of the Buu Son Ky Huong tradition, founded in An Giang in 1849, refer to these mountains as Buu Son, “Precious Mountains”.
Politically, An Giang Province, Southern Vietnam has nine districts:
– Long Xuyen District: 11 wards and 2 rural communes
– Tan Chau: 5 wards and 9 rural communes
– Chau Doc District: 4 wards and 3 rural communes
– An Phu: 2 towns and 12 rural communes
– Chau Phu: 1 town and 12 rural communes
– Chau Thanh: 1 town and 12 rural communes
– Cho Moi: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
– Phu Tan: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
– Thoai Son: 3 towns and 14 rural communes
– Tinh Bien: 3 towns and 11 rural communes
– Tri Ton: 2 towns and 13 rural communes
An Giang includes 156 rural communes, wards and towns.
The cities of Long Xuyen (the provincial capital) and Chau Doc, both are on the Hau Giang branch of the Mekong, exist as independent municipalities.
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